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Statistics - OBC Status PDF Print E-mail

The statistical profile OBCs’ status is equally revealing:

Representation of SCs, STs and OBCs in the Central Government Services. 



.1.     Then i.e. 1979-80 (See Mandal Commission Report I & II, 9.48, Page 41, 42).
(30 Central Ministries, 31 Attached Offices and PSUs under 14 Ministries)

Category of Employment

Total Number of Employees

SC/ST %

OBC %

Upper Caste % (Derived)

Population %

 

22.56

52.00

17.58

Class I

1,74,043

5.68

4.69

89.63

Class II

9,12,786

18.18

10.63

71.19

Class III & IV

4,84,646

24.40

24.40

51.20

All Classes

15,71,475

18.71

12.55

68.74

 

 

 

 .2.     As on January 1, 2004
 Job Statistics as on 1st Jan 2004 were taken from Annual Report 2005 (Page 28, Appendix I) of
Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions.

Group

Total Number of Employees

SC %

ST %

OBC %

Upper Caste %  (Derived)

Population %

 

15.05

7.51

52.00

17.58

A

80,011

12.2

4.1

3.9

79.80

B

1,35,409

14.5

4.6

2.3

78.60

C

20,40,970

16.9

6.7

5.2

71.20

D

8,02,116

18.4

6.7

3.3

71.60

Sweepers

91,601

64.76

5.86

3.65

25.73

Total

31,50,107

18.44

6.52

4.51

70.53

 

 

 


Government services were the easiest option as compared to others such as private sector or education (student or employment). Reservations in the government employment were one of the demands of backwards. As it is evident from SC/ST data, it does show some positive difference. However, OBCs’ representation in 79/80 was dismal, even worse than SC/ST. It was because the Constitution had provided reservations for SC/ST since 1949. This prompted Mandal Commission to recommend 27% reservations for OBCs. However, over the period of 25 years OBCs’ representation is drastically reduced from 12.55 to 4.51% i.e. to mere 33% of the original. This seems to be the impact of “Creamy Layer”, as eligible OBCs are eliminated. During the same period, upper caste representation, which was already excessively dominant, has further improved.